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Life and Works of Acharya Kriplani

Acharya J.B. Kriplani, a name that resonates with the Indian freedom struggle, was an eminent figure whose life and works have significantly impacted India’s socio-political landscape. Born on November 11, 1888, in Hyderabad, Sindh (now in Pakistan), Jivatram Bhagwandas Kriplani, popularly known as Acharya Kriplani, was a staunch nationalist, educator, and social reformer. His journey from an educator to a key player in India’s fight for independence is a testament to his dedication and commitment to the nation.

March 19th is Punyatithi of Acharya Kriplani

Early Life and Education

Acharya Kriplani’s early life was marked by academic excellence. He completed his education at Fergusson College in Pune and later pursued history at Wilson College in Mumbai. His academic pursuits laid the foundation for his deep understanding of India’s rich cultural heritage and its complex societal structures. It was during these formative years that Kriplani developed a keen interest in India’s freedom movement.

Stepping into Public Life

Kriplani’s transition from academia to active participation in the national movement came about when he took up a teaching position at Gujarat Vidyapith, an institution founded by Mahatma Gandhi. This role not only brought him closer to Gandhi’s ideologies but also marked the beginning of his lifelong commitment to non-violent resistance and social reform.

Contributions to Indian Freedom Struggle

Acharya Kriplani played a pivotal role in the Indian National Congress (INC) during the crucial years leading up to India’s independence. In 1946, he was elected as the President of the INC at a time when critical decisions regarding India’s future were being made. His leadership during this period was instrumental in navigating through turbulent times including the Partition of India.

One of Acharya Kriplani’s significant contributions was his active involvement in the Quit India Movement of 1942. Despite facing imprisonment along with other leaders, his resolve for India’s freedom remained unshaken.

Social Reforms and Advocacy

Apart from his political engagements, Acharya Kriplani was deeply involved in advocating for social reforms. He championed causes such as women’s rights, rural development, and education. His efforts towards uplifting marginalized communities underscored his belief in inclusive growth and equality.

Legacy: Beyond Independence

After independence, Acharya Kriplani continued to serve society through various capacities including being a member of Parliament where he voiced concerns over issues affecting common people. He also played a significant role in environmental movements advocating for wildlife conservation which highlights his versatility as a leader concerned not just with political freedom but also with societal well-being.

Remembering Acharya Kriplani

Acharya Kriplani passed away on March 19th, 1982, leaving behind a legacy that continues to inspire generations. He is best remembered not only as a freedom fighter but as an advocate for change who dedicated his life to the service of humanity.

His teachings and principles are reflected across various facets of Indian society today reminding us of our collective responsibility towards building a more equitable nation.


Acharya J.B. Kriplani remains one of the most influential figures in Indian history whose contributions extend beyond the realms of politics into social reforms that aimed at creating an inclusive society. As we remember him on his Punyatithi (death anniversary), it becomes imperative to revisit his ideals and strive towards embodying them in our actions today.