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What is the importance of Magh Purnima ?

What is the importance of Magh Purnima ? cover

Magh Purnima, also known as Magha Purnima, is a significant festival celebrated in various parts of India. It falls on the full moon day in the month of Magh according to the Hindu lunar calendar, which usually corresponds to January or February in the Gregorian calendar. This auspicious day holds great importance for Hindus and is observed with reverence and enthusiasm.

In 2024, Magh Purnima will be celebrated on February 24th

The Significance of Magh Month

Magh is considered one of the most sacred months in the Hindu calendar. It marks the transition from winter to spring, symbolizing new beginnings and rejuvenation. According to Hindu mythology, it is believed that during this month, deities reside in rivers and lakes. Taking a holy dip during this period is considered highly auspicious and purifying.

Magh Snan – The Sacred Bath

Magh Snan refers to taking a holy bath during Magh Purnima. Devotees wake up early in the morning, before sunrise, and head towards nearby rivers or sacred water bodies to take a dip. The belief behind this ritual is that it cleanses one's sins and brings spiritual upliftment. People offer prayers to various deities while immersing themselves in the holy water.

The Ganges River holds immense significance during Magh Snan, particularly at Prayagraj (formerly known as Allahabad) where it meets two other sacred rivers – Yamuna and Saraswati. Millions of devotees gather here to participate in the grand Kumbh Mela, which takes place every 12 years during Magh Purnima. It is considered one of the largest religious gatherings on Earth.

Celebration Across India

Magh Purnima is celebrated with unique customs and rituals across different regions of India:


In West Bengal, this festival is known as 'Ganga Sagar Mela' and is celebrated with great fervor. Devotees take a dip at the confluence of the Ganges River and the Bay of Bengal, at a place called Sagar Island. It is believed that taking a holy bath here washes away all sins.


In Rajasthan, Magh Purnima is celebrated as 'Maghi Purnima'. People gather at Pushkar Lake, one of the most sacred lakes in India, to take a dip and offer prayers. The occasion also coincides with the famous Pushkar Camel Fair, attracting tourists from around the world.


In Maharashtra, this festival is known as 'Maghi Ganesh Jayanti'. Devotees worship Lord Ganesha and observe fasts on this day. They offer special prayers and perform rituals dedicated to Lord Ganesha.

Uttar Pradesh:

In Uttar Pradesh, Magh Purnima is celebrated as 'Mauni Amavasya' or 'Chandrabhaga Mela'. Devotees take a holy dip in the river Chandrabhaga near Prayagraj and observe silence (maun) throughout the day. It is believed that by maintaining silence, one can attain spiritual enlightenment.


Magh Purnima holds immense significance in Hindu culture and traditions. It is a time when devotees come together to purify their minds and souls through sacred baths and prayers. This festival not only promotes unity but also serves as an opportunity to connect with nature and seek spiritual upliftment. Whether it's taking a dip in the Ganges or observing silence near sacred rivers, Magh Purnima brings people closer to their faith and instills a sense of devotion within them.